Pros and Cons of Hormonal Contraceptives
Healthy women, who are sexually active, have high chances of getting pregnant. However, most commonly, such an opportunity does not seem very desirable, so over 40% of young females are looking for effective ways to prevent pregnancy.
Hormonal contraceptives are the medications and other technologies that prevent the process of male sperm reaching and entering the egg. Other birth control methods can prevent the fertilized egg from implanting in the womb and starting to develop. Despite a rich diversity of available medications and other hormonal contraception methods, none of them can give the guarantee of 100% effectiveness.
According to the medical classification, all the hormonal birth-control methods can be subdivided into several types, based on the type and amount of hormone, as well as the way it enters the organism. Traditionally, the most important women’s hormones include progesterone and estrogen that influence fertility. As a result, revolutionary and innovative birth control tablets include either any of them or a combination. Such contraceptives can be either taken orally, injected under the skin, placed in the vagina, implanted into the body or absorbed from a patch.
Potential Benefits and Drawbacks of Hormonal Contraceptives
Considering the pros of such birth control methods, it is possible to specify:
- High effectiveness and safety;
- No interruption of the intercourse or foreplay;
- Decreased pain during ovulation;
- Reduced acne, ovarian cyst;
- Decreased risk of ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, and certain other health problems;
- Lower bleeding, pain, and cramps during periods.
However, the second part of the medal is not that promising, as hormonal contraceptives have numerous disadvantages, including the following:
- No protection from HIV and other sexually transmitted infections;
- Decrease of milk supply in breastfeeding women;
- Can result in delayed cycles;
- Can lead to severe health abnormalities if combined with other pharmaceuticals;
- Pills need to be administered daily.
Mind all the factors before making the final decision.